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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2012 Mar;12(3):2437-41.

Formation and rupture of Ag conductive bridge in ZrO2-based resistive switching memory.

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  • 1Department of Electrical Engineering, National Dong Hwa University, Hualien 97401, Taiwan.


ZrO2-based resistive switching memory has attracted much attention according to its possible application in the next-generation nonvolatile memory. However, the resistive switching mechanism of the ZrO2-based memory device is still controversial. In this study, the mechanism of the ZrO2-based memory device is demonstrated that the resistive switching occurs because of the migration of Ag+ ions. While a positive voltage is applied, Ag+ ions in the ZrO2 film migrate to connect the Pt bottom electrode, causing the formation of Ag conductive bridge. On the other hand, while a negative voltage is applied, Ag+ ions migrate toward the Ag top electrode, leading to the rupture of the Ag conductive bridge. In addition, the resistive switching properties of the ZrO2-based memory device, such as switching voltages and non-destructive readout property, are also demonstrated in this study. Based on the experimental results, the ZrO2-based memory device with clear resistive switching mechanism can be possibly used in the next-generation nonvolatile memory.

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