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Bioarchitecture. 2012 Jan 1;2(1):19-22.

STARD9/Kif16a is a novel mitotic kinesin and antimitotic target.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center; Molecular Biology Institute; University of California; Los Angeles, CA USA.


Proper cell division requires the formation of the microtubule-based mitotic spindle, which mediates the dynamic movement and alignment of chromosomes to the metaphase plate and their equal transmission to daughter cells. Kinesins are molecular motors that utilize ATP hydrolysis to perform their functions and are instrumental in spindle assembly and function. Of the over 45 kinesins encoded in the human genome, only two are specifically enriched at the centrioles, Kif24 at the mother centriole and STARD9/Kif16a at the daughter centriole. While Kif24 possesses centriolar microtubule-depolymerizing activity and has been implicated in regulating cilia formation, our recent study implicates STARD9 in maintaining pericentriolar material (PCM) cohesion during early mitosis. However, very little is known about how STARD9 performs its function, including the mechanisms that recruit or retain STARD9 at the centrioles and how it cooperates with centrosome components to regulate PCM stability. Additionally, the signals leading to apoptosis in the absence of STARD9 remain to be explored.

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