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J Rheumatol. 2012 Aug;39(8):1533-8. doi: 10.3899/jrheum.111522. Epub 2012 Jul 1.

Etanercept concentration in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and its potential influence on treatment decisions: a pilot study.

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  • 1Department of Rheumatology, Teaching Hospital of Lapeyronie, Montpellier Cedex 5, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), recommendations are inconclusive about whether tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-blocker therapy should be evaluated at 3 or 6 months. Biomarkers are needed to predict at 3 months which patients would benefit from further treatment because of nonoptimal response. Our objective was to investigate whether serum etanercept (ETN) concentrations and anti-ETN antibodies at 3 months are predictors of clinical response to ETN at 6 months in patients with RA in terms of European League Against Rheumatism criteria and Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28).

METHODS:

Between 2009 and 2010, we included 19 women with active RA who were candidates for ETN therapy. Response criteria were evaluated at 3 and 6 months. Serum concentrations of ETN and anti-ETN antibodies were measured by ELISA at baseline and at 3 and 6 months.

RESULTS:

Eighteen patients completed followup. Three-month ETN concentrations were lower for 6-month nonresponders than responders (p = 0.03). Three-month ETN levels correlated significantly with change in DAS28 between baseline and 6 months (r = -0.62, p = 0.006). The best predictor of response at 6 months was observed with an ETN threshold of 3.1 μg/ml at 3 months. No anti-ETN antibodies were found.

CONCLUSION:

ETN concentrations at 3 months predict response to ETN therapy at 6 months. Low ETN concentrations could explain the absence of response to ETN, suggesting that patients with low ETN levels could benefit from increased ETN dose or earlier interruption of treatment.

PMID:
22753654
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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