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Toxicol In Vitro. 2012 Oct;26(7):1181-90. doi: 10.1016/j.tiv.2012.06.010. Epub 2012 Jun 30.

Carbonyl stress and a combination of astaxanthin/vitamin C induce biochemical changes in human neutrophils.

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  • 1Postgraduate Program, Health Sciences, CBS, Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, 03342000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.


The purpose of the present study was to find out whether co-treatment of human neutrophils with high glucose and methylglyoxal (MGO) can alter the biochemical parameters of human neutrophils. We also examined if astaxanthin associated with vitamin C can improve those biochemical parameters. Neutrophils from healthy subjects were treated with 20mM of glucose and 30 μM MGO followed or not by the addition of the antioxidants astaxanthin (2 μM) and vitamin C (100 μM). MGO/high glucose treatment reduced the phagocytic capacity and the G6PDH, total/SOD and GR activities. Additionally, there was an increase in the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) with consequent increase in the hypochlorous acid production, CAT activity and in the release of IL-6 cytokine without changes in intracellular calcium mobilization. Our study also shows that the association of astaxanthin with vitamin C greatly improved neutrophil phagocytic capacity, decreasing all reactive oxygen species measured, pro-inflammatory IL-1β and TNF-α release, MPO activity and HClO production. The combination of astaxanthin with vitamin C alone has more antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects than when they were in the presence of MGO/high glucose. Injury to the function of neutrophils due to high glucose and methylglyoxal appears not to involve oxidative stress or calcium release. The association of antioxidants astaxanthin and vitamin C promoted a significant improvement in the function of neutrophils and in the redox status.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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