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Acta Trop. 2012 Oct;124(1):42-7. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2012.06.005. Epub 2012 Jun 28.

Epidemiology and population structure of Staphylococcus aureus in various population groups from a rural and semi urban area in Gabon, Central Africa.

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  • 1Medical Research Unit, Albert Schweitzer Hospital, Lambaréné, Gabon. ulyssus7000@gmail.com

Abstract

Little data is available on the epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus in Africa. In the present study we aim at characterizing the population structure of S. aureus in healthy subjects from a rural and a semi-urban area in Lambaréné, Gabon as well as in hospital staff and inpatients. In total, 500 subjects were screened for S. aureus colonization of the nares, axillae and inguinal region. Overall, 146 (29%) were positive. We found 46 different spa types. The most frequent spa types were t084 (35%) and the agr II was the most prevalent subtype of the accessory gene regulator (56%, n=82). Five isolates (3%) were methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Carriage rates of S. aureus in Gabon are comparable to developed countries. MRSA is for the first time described and could pose a significant health threat in this region with limited access to microbiological laboratory facilities and to adequate antimicrobial agents.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22750045
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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