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Mol Vis. 2012;18:1436-48. Epub 2012 Jun 2.

Evaluation of gene expression profiles and pathways underlying postnatal development in mouse sclera.

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  • 1Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The aim of this study was to identify the genes and pathways underlying the growth of the mouse sclera during postnatal development.

METHODS:

Total RNA was isolated from each of 30 single mouse sclera (n=30, 6 sclera each from 1-, 2-, 3-, 6-, and 8-week-old mice) and reverse-transcribed into cDNA using a T7-N(6) primer. The resulting cDNA was fragmented, labeled with biotin, and hybridized to a Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Array. ANOVA analysis was then performed using Partek Genomic Suite 6.5 beta and differentially expressed transcript clusters were filtered based on a selection criterion of ≥ 2 relative fold change at a false discovery rate of ≤ 5%. Genes identified as involved in the main biologic processes during postnatal scleral development were further confirmed using qPCR. A possible pathway that contributes to the postnatal development of the sclera was investigated using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis software.

RESULTS:

The hierarchical clustering of all time points showed that they did not cluster according to age. The highest number of differentially expressed transcript clusters was found when week 1 and week 2 old scleral tissues were compared. The peroxisome proliferator- activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (Ppargc1a) gene was found to be involved in the networks generated using Ingenuity Pathway Studio (IPA) from the differentially expressed transcript cluster lists of week 2 versus 1, week 3 versus 2, week 6 versus 3, and week 8 versus 6. The gene expression of Ppargc1a varied during scleral growth from week 1 to 2, week 2 to 3, week 3 to 6, and week 6 to 8 and was found to interact with a different set of genes at different scleral growth stages. Therefore, this indicated that Ppargc1a might play a role in scleral growth during postnatal weeks 1 to 8.

CONCLUSIONS:

Gene expression of eye diseases should be studied as early as postnatal weeks 1-2 to ensure that any changes in gene expression pattern during disease development are detected. In addition, we propose that Ppargc1a might play a role in regulating postnatal scleral development by interacting with a different set of genes at different scleral growth stages.

PMID:
22736935
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3380912
Free PMC Article
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