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Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2012 Jul;114(1):9-16. doi: 10.1016/j.tripleo.2011.05.022. Epub 2011 Aug 26.

Influence of unilateral tooth loss in the temporomandibular joint and masseter muscle of rabbits.

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  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea.



The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of the masticatory system in patients with missing teeth.


The influence of tooth loss on the masticatory system was analyzed with the use of bone scintigraphy ((99m)Tc-MDP) and histochemistry. Eight white rabbits (New Zealand, 12 weeks old) were used. The rabbits were divided into 2 groups: 6 weeks and 12 weeks. Teeth were extracted unilaterally in each rabbit under general anesthesia. Six and 12 weeks after extraction, scintigraphy was conducted, and the rabbits were killed and their masseter muscles removed for histochemical analysis.


The results of bone metabolism (relative ratio) measured by bone scintigraphy were 48.27% at extraction sites and 51.73% at nonextraction sites at 6 weeks and 39.96% at extraction sites and 60.04% at nonextraction sites at 12 weeks. There was a significant difference at 12 weeks (P < .05). Tissue calcium contents and osteoclast counts showed different results between the extraction and nonextraction sites, but these differences did not reach statistical significance.


The bone metabolism of temporomandibular joints and histochemical aspects of masticatory muscles may be associated with occlusal alterations following tooth loss.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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