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Biochem Genet. 2012 Oct;50(9-10):797-808. doi: 10.1007/s10528-012-9521-5. Epub 2012 Jun 23.

Impact of geographic range on genetic and chemical diversity of Indian valerian (Valeriana jatamansi) from northwestern Himalaya.

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  • 1Taxonomy and Pharmacognosy, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CSIR-CIMAP), Kukrail Picnic Road, P.O. CIMAP, Lucknow 226015, India.

Abstract

An effort was made to determine the impact of geographic range on genetic richness and chemical constituents of Valeriana jatamansi Jones, an herb indigenous to the northwestern Himalaya. The genetic structure of 16 accessions from two major divisions of Uttarakhand state (Kumaon and Garhwal) was analyzed by ISSR markers. Overall genetic diversity among the populations was 45 %, with a cumulative range of 35-92 % similarity for most of the high-altitude plants and a comparatively narrow range, 50-88 %, for the population below the altitude of 1,800 m. Likewise, a remarkable predictability was evident from the chemical constituents on an individual basis. In principal component analysis, most of the accessions fall into two major groups and are classified as chemotypes based on the percentage of similar chemical constituents; these are mostly correlated to altitude. Geographic distance seems to influence the genetic and chemical variability, indicating the genetic inbreeding within the population.

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