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Ann Vasc Surg. 2012 Aug;26(6):755-65. doi: 10.1016/j.avsg.2011.12.015. Epub 2012 Jun 22.

Eversion carotid endarterectomy is associated with impaired postoperative hemodynamic stability compared with the conventional technique.

Author information

  • 1Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University Hospital of Ruprecht-Karls, Heidelberg, Germany. serdar.demirel@med.uni-heidelberg.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Carotid endarterectomy is associated with a profound effect on blood pressure. The aim of this study was to evaluate 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure measurements (ABPMs) after eversion carotid endarterectomy (E-CEA) and conventional carotid endarterectomy (C-CEA).

METHODS:

Seventy-one patients were included in this prospective study (E-CEA [37]/C-CEA [34]). Daytime (8 AM-10 PM) and nighttime (10 PM-8 AM) ABPMs were analyzed preoperatively and on postoperative days 1 and 3.

RESULTS:

Patients' demographics and preoperative antihypertensive regimens were similar in the two groups. Compared with baseline, ABPM decreased on postoperative day 1 in the C-CEA group (P < 0.01) but normalized by day 3. By contrast, ABPM values were unchanged on day 1 in the E-CEA group but increased above baseline on day 3 (P < 0.01). E-CEA was associated with higher ABPM on day 1 (daytime: P < 0.001; nighttime: P < 0.01) and again on day 3 (daytime: P < 0.001; nighttime: P < 0.01). The use of vasodilators was more frequent in the E-CEA group, both in the recovery room (P = 0.007) and on the ward (P = 0.004).

CONCLUSION:

E-CEA may be associated with higher postoperative blood pressure and the need for more additional antihypertensive therapy in the postoperative period compared with C-CEA.

Copyright © 2012 Annals of Vascular Surgery Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22728106
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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