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Mol Cell. 2012 Aug 10;47(3):422-33. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2012.05.014. Epub 2012 Jun 21.

The Akt-SRPK-SR axis constitutes a major pathway in transducing EGF signaling to regulate alternative splicing in the nucleus.

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  • 1Department of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0651, USA.

Abstract

Pre-mRNA splicing is regulated by developmental and environmental cues, but little is known about how specific signals are transduced in mammalian cells to regulate this critical gene expression step. Here, we report massive reprogramming of alternative splicing in response to EGF signaling. By blocking individual branches in EGF signaling, we found that Akt activation plays a major role, while other branches, such as the JAK/STAT and ERK pathways, make minor contributions to EGF-induced splicing. Activated Akt next branches to SR protein-specific kinases, rather than mTOR, by inducing SRPK autophosphorylation that switches the splicing kinases from Hsp70- to Hsp90-containing complexes. This leads to enhanced SRPK nuclear translocation and SR protein phosphorylation. These findings reveal a major signal transduction pathway for regulated splicing and place SRPKs in a central position in the pathway, consistent with their reputed roles in a large number of human cancers.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22727668
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3418396
Free PMC Article

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