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Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2012 Aug 1;5(4):831-40. doi: 10.1161/CIRCEP.111.969907. Epub 2012 Jun 21.

Effect of skeletal muscle Na(+) channel delivered via a cell platform on cardiac conduction and arrhythmia induction.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Center for Molecular Therapeutics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.



In depolarized myocardial infarct epicardial border zones, the cardiac sodium channel is largely inactivated, contributing to slow conduction and reentry. We have demonstrated that adenoviral delivery of the skeletal muscle Na(+) channel (SkM1) to epicardial border zones normalizes conduction and reduces induction of ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation. We now studied the impact of canine mesenchymal stem cells (cMSCs) in delivering SkM1.


cMSCs were isolated and transfected with SkM1. Coculture experiments showed cMSC/SkM1 but not cMSC alone and maintained fast conduction at depolarized potentials. We studied 3 groups in the canine 7d infarct: sham, cMSC, and cMSC/SkM1. In vivo epicardial border zones electrograms were broad and fragmented in sham, narrower in cMSCs, and narrow and unfragmented in cMSC/SkM1 (P<0.05). During programmed electrical stimulation of epicardial border zones, QRS duration in cMSC/SkM1 was shorter than in cMSC and sham (P<0.05). Programmed electrical stimulation-induced ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation was equivalent in all groups (P>0.05).


cMSCs provide efficient delivery of SkM1 current. The interventions performed (cMSCs or cMSC/SkM1) were neither antiarrhythmic nor proarrhythmic. Comparing outcomes with cMSC/SkM1 and viral gene delivery highlights the criticality of the delivery platform to SkM1 antiarrhythmic efficacy.

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