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Schizophr Res. 2012 Aug;139(1-3):253-9. doi: 10.1016/j.schres.2012.06.002. Epub 2012 Jun 19.

Different patterns of auditory information processing deficits in chronic schizophrenia and bipolar disorder with psychotic features.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Albert Szent-Györgyi Medical and Pharmaceutical Center, University of Szeged, Kálvária sgt. 57., 6725 Szeged, Hungary. domjan.nora@med.u-szeged.hu

Abstract

With the development of DSM-V and ICD-11 the definitions of psychiatric disorders are under re-evaluation. The emphasis is shifted from distinct disorders to clusters defined not only by symptomatology, but also by underlying neurobiology and cognitive deficits. Bipolar disorder I (BD-I) and schizophrenia (SZ) are of special interest since their differential diagnosis is often problematic and they partially overlap in measures ranging from genetics to neurophysiology. Event-related potentials (ERPs) are one of the most studied factors but the results are still controversial, primarily in BD-I, where ERPs reflecting different stages of auditory information processing have been much less investigated. In this study, we aimed at investigating the changes of five auditory event-related potentials (P50 and N100 suppression, duration and pitch deviant mismatch negativity (MMN) and P3b) in 20 SZ and 20 BD-I patients with a history of psychosis and 21 healthy control subjects. Our data revealed substantial differences between the two patient groups. Only patients with SZ demonstrated impaired N100 suppression, shorter duration deviant MMN latency and attenuated P3b amplitude, while prolonged pitch deviant MMN latency was found to be characteristic of the BD-I group. No shared ERP abnormalities were observed among the patient groups. Our results indicate that SZ and BD-I are characterized by highly different neurophysiological profiles when measured in the same laboratory setting.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22717275
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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