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Arch Med Sadowej Kryminol. 2011 Oct-Dec;61(4):337-42.

[Microscopic diagnosis of pituitary gland damages resulting from cranio-cerebral trauma with the base of the skull fracture].

[Article in Polish]

Author information

  • 1Z Zakładu Medycyny Sadowej Uniwersytetu Medycznego w Białymstoku.


The aim of this research was a macro- and microscopic investigation of pituitary glands in people who died after head injuries with the base of the skull fractures in the sella turcica. No macroscopic changes in the pituitary glands were discovered during an autopsy examinations. Histopathology demonstrated traumatic changes of the pituitary glands in all the cases, which were correlated with sella trurcica fractures. The evolution of traumatic alterations correlated with survival time after the injury. In the pituitary glands of people who died directly after head injuries, hyperemia and focal hemorrhages were discovered. Apart from hyperemia, focal necrosis was found in the pituitary glands among those who survived from 48 to 72 hours after head injury. The examined pituitary glands of those people who lived from 2 to 3 weeks after head injury showed considerable necrotic changes and numerous calcificationss.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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