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J Physiol Biochem. 2012 Dec;68(4):671-81. doi: 10.1007/s13105-012-0179-6. Epub 2012 Jun 16.

Nutritional n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids deficiency alters cannabinoid receptor signaling pathway in the brain and associated anxiety-like behavior in mice.

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  • 1Nutrition et Neurobiologie Intégrée, INRA UMR 1286, Bâtiment UFR Pharmacie 2° tranche, 2° étage, Case courrier 34, Université Victor Ségalen, 146 rue Léo Saignat, 33076 Bordeaux Cedex, France.

Abstract

N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) cannot be synthesized de novo in mammals and need to be provided by dietary means. In the brain, the main n-3 PUFA is docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which is a key component of neuronal membranes. A low dietary level of DHA has been associated with increased risk of developing neuropsychiatric diseases; however, the mechanisms involved remain to be determined. In this study, we found that long-term exposure to an n-3 deficient diet decreases the level of DHA in the brain and impairs the cannabinoid receptor signaling pathway in mood-controlling structures. In n-3 deficient mice, the effect of the cannabinoid agonist WIN55,212-2 in an anxiety-like behavior test was abolished. In addition, the cannabinoid receptor signaling pathways were altered in the prefrontal cortex and the hypothalamus. Consequently, our data suggest that behavioral changes linked to an n-3 dietary deficiency are due to an alteration in the endocannabinoid system in specific brain areas.

PMID:
22707188
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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