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Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2012 Aug;89(2):390-4. doi: 10.1007/s00128-012-0706-8. Epub 2012 Jun 17.

Determination of fluoride in tap water in Morocco using a direct electrochemical method.

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  • 1Team of Pharmaceutical and Toxicological Analysis, Laboratory of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, PO Box 6203, Rabat-Instituts, Rabat, Morocco.


This study aimed to analyze the fluoride concentration in tap drinking water in different cities of Morocco using an electrochemical ion-selective method. Three samples were collected from each thirteen selected cities in the period between March and May 2011. The median value of fluoride was 0.94 mg/L (0.21-2.97). High fluoride concentrations (>0.8 mg/L) were found in sixteen cities. Very high values were found in phosphate regions such as Khouribga which is known to be an endemic dental fluorosis area. This study has shown that the concentration of fluoride in drinking water exceeds the limit especially in phosphate regions.

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