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Dig Liver Dis. 2012 Dec;44(12):1037-41. doi: 10.1016/j.dld.2012.05.006. Epub 2012 Jun 15.

PNPLA3 I148M (rs738409) genetic variant is associated with hepatocellular carcinoma in obese individuals.

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  • 1Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine and Center for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obesity is a risk factor for cancer, including hepatocellular carcinoma. Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 (PNPLA3) I148M (rs738409) genetic variant has been associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in individuals with chronic alcohol abuse or hepatic viral infection. In the present study we examined the association between the PNPLA3 I148M genetic variant and hepatocellular carcinoma in obese individuals from the Swedish Obese Subjects cohort (n = 4047).

METHODS:

We performed a matched, prospective, controlled, interventional trial, investigating the effect of bariatric surgery (surgery group) compared to conventional treatment (control group) for obesity.

RESULTS:

A total of 9 events were observed in the 15-year median follow up (5 in the control group and 4 in the surgery group). A significantly higher incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma in PNPLA3 148M allele carriers was found in obese individuals in the control group (log-rank P-value = 0.001), but not in the surgery group (log-rank P-value = 0.783). Consistently, an increased risk (for each PNPLA3 148M allele, hazard ratio: 5.9; 95% confidence interval 1.5-23.8; P-value = 0.013) of developing hepatocellular carcinoma was observed only in the control group.

CONCLUSION:

The current study is the first prospective report showing the association of the PNPLA3 I148M genetic variant and hepatocellular carcinoma in severely obese individuals.

Copyright © 2012 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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PMID:
22704398
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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