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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2012 Sep;36(9):1647-52. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01764.x. Epub 2012 Jun 15.

Associations between selected state laws and teenagers' drinking and driving behaviors.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA. rehgp@psychiatry.wustl.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We examined the associations between selected state-level graduated driving licensing (GDL) laws and use-and-lose laws (laws that allow for the suspension of a driver's license for underage alcohol violations including purchase, possession, or consumption) with individual-level alcohol-related traffic risk behaviors among high school youth.

METHODS:

Logistic regression models with fixed effects for state were used to examine the associations between the selected state-level laws and drinking and driving behaviors youth aged 16 to 17 years (obtained from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS); responses dichotomized as "0 times" or "1 or more times") over an extended period of time (1999 to 2009).

RESULTS:

A total of 11.7% of students reported having driven after drinking any alcohol and 28.2% reported riding in a car with a driver who had been drinking on 1 or more occasions in the past 30 days. Restrictive GDL laws and use-and-lose laws were associated with decreased driving after drinking any alcohol and riding in a car with a driver who had been drinking alcohol.

CONCLUSIONS:

Restrictive GDL and use-and-lose laws may help to bolster societal expectations and values about the hazards of drinking and driving behaviors and are therefore partly responsible for the decline in these alcohol-related traffic risk behaviors.

Copyright © 2012 by the Research Society on Alcoholism.

PMID:
22702907
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3436973
Free PMC Article

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