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Am J Transplant. 2012 Oct;12(10):2719-29. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2012.04145.x. Epub 2012 Jun 13.

Complete steroid avoidance is effective and safe in children with renal transplants: a multicenter randomized trial with three-year follow-up.

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  • 1California Pacific Medical Center, Sutter Health Care, San Francisco, CA, USA. sarwalm@cpmcri.org

Abstract

To determine whether steroid avoidance in pediatric kidney transplantation is safe and efficacious, a randomized, multicenter trial was performed in 12 pediatric kidney transplant centers. One hundred thirty children receiving primary kidney transplants were randomized to steroid-free (SF) or steroid-based (SB) immunosuppression, with concomitant tacrolimus, mycophenolate and standard dose daclizumab (SB group) or extended dose daclizumab (SF group). Follow-up was 3 years posttransplant. Standardized height Z-score change after 3 years follow-up was -0.99 ± 2.20 in SF versus -0.93 ± 1.11 in SB; p = 0.825. In subgroup analysis, recipients under 5 years of age showed improved linear growth with SF compared to SB treatment (change in standardized height Z-score at 3 years -0.43 ± 1.15 vs. -1.07 ± 1.14; p = 0.019). There were no differences in the rates of biopsy-proven acute rejection at 3 years after transplantation (16.7% in SF vs. 17.1% in SB; p = 0.94). Patient survival was 100% in both arms; graft survival was 95% in the SF and 90% in the SB arms (p = 0.30) at 3 years follow-up. Over the 3 year follow-up period, the SF group showed lower systolic BP (p = 0.017) and lower cholesterol levels (p = 0.034). In conclusion, complete steroid avoidance is safe and effective in unsensitized children receiving primary kidney transplants.

© Copyright 2012 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.

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PMID:
22694755
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3681527
Free PMC Article

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