Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Methods Mol Biol. 2012;884:277-85. doi: 10.1007/978-1-61779-848-1_20.

Functional imaging of retinal photoreceptors and inner neurons using stimulus-evoked intrinsic optical signals.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA.


Retinal development is a dynamic process both anatomically and functionally. High-resolution imaging and dynamic monitoring of photoreceptors and inner neurons can provide important information regarding the structure and function of the developing retina. In this chapter, we describe intrinsic optical signal (IOS) imaging as a high spatiotemporal resolution method for functional study of living retinal tissues. IOS imaging is based on near infrared (NIR) light detection of stimulus-evoked transient change of inherent optical characteristics of the cells. With no requirement for exogenous biomarkers, IOS imaging is totally noninvasive for functional mapping of stimulus-evoked spatiotemporal dynamics of the photoreceptors and inner retinal neurons.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk