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J Pers Disord. 2012 Jun;26(3):428-34. doi: 10.1521/pedi.2012.26.3.428.

Peer victimization as a risk factor for schizotypal personality in childhood and adolescence.

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  • 1Department of Applied Social Studies, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.


There has been no prior research on peer victimization and child or adolescent schizotypal personality. This study tests the hypothesis that increased peer victimization is associated with increased schizotypal personality. Schizotypy was assessed using the SPQ-C (Schizotypal Personality Questionnaire-Child) in 3,508 male and female schoolchildren aged 8 to 16 years. All forms of peer victimization (physical, verbal, social manipulation, attack on property) were associated with schizotypal personality in both males and females across all age groups. Significant victimization more than doubled schizotypy scores. It is hypothesized that peer victimization may predispose to paranoid ideation, social anxiety, and lack of close friends, and consequently heightened schizotypal personality.

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