Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2012 Jun 10;19(7):677-84. doi: 10.1038/nsmb.2317.

Structural dynamics of the aminoacylation and proofreading functional cycle of bacterial leucyl-tRNA synthetase.

Author information

  • 1European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), Grenoble Outstation and Unit of Virus Host-Cell Interactions, University of Grenoble-EMBL-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Grenoble, France.

Abstract

Leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LeuRS) produces error-free leucyl-tRNA(Leu) by coordinating translocation of the 3' end of (mis-)charged tRNAs from its synthetic site to a separate proofreading site for editing. Here we report cocrystal structures of the Escherichia coli LeuRS-tRNA(Leu) complex in the aminoacylation or editing conformations, showing that translocation involves correlated rotations of four flexibly linked LeuRS domains. This pivots the tRNA to guide its charged 3' end from the closed aminoacylation state to the editing site. The editing domain unexpectedly stabilizes the tRNA during aminoacylation, and a large rotation of the leucine-specific domain positions the conserved KMSKS loop to bind the 3' end of the tRNA, promoting catalysis. Our results give new insight into the structural dynamics of a molecular machine that is essential for accurate protein synthesis.

PMID:
22683997
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3392462
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (5)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Nature Publishing Group Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk