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J Pediatr Urol. 2013 Jun;9(3):359-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2012.05.003. Epub 2012 Jun 6.

Immunohistochemical and morphometric evaluation of neuronal dysfunction in pelviureteral junction obstruction.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Meram Medical School of Selçuk University, Konya, Turkey. drmetingunduz@yahoo.com



The pathophysiology of pelviureteral junction obstruction remains unclear. In this study, we attempted to evaluate the neuronal dysfunction using immunohistochemical and morphometric parameters.


Using specific antibodies, we studied the neuronal markers and morphometry of specimens from 10 cases of pelviureteral junction obstruction and 10 normal pelviureteral junctions by immunohistochemistry using synaptophysin (synaptic vesicle membrane protein), S-100 (nerve cell fiber marker), protein gene product 9.5 (neuron specific protein) and CD-117 (transmembrane receptor with tyrosine kinase activity).


In pelviureteral junction obstruction, smooth muscle thickness was significantly higher than in normal specimens. Cytoplasmic cells stained by synaptophysin were found in the pelviureteral junction obstruction specimens but were absent in normal pelviureteral junction specimens. In addition, significantly more intense staining for S-100 was found in the pelviureteral junction obstruction specimens compared with the normal specimens. Immunohistochemical staining for protein gene product 9.5 showed no differences between the normal and pelviureteral junction obstruction specimens. Neither the normal specimens nor pelviureteral junction obstruction groups were stained by CD-117.


We propose that the cause of neuronal dysfunction in pelviureteral junction obstruction depends on the increase in number and structure of neuronal cells and smooth muscle thickness. These factors could play an important role in the pathophysiology of pelviureteral junction obstruction by affecting motility and peristalsis.

Copyright © 2012 Journal of Pediatric Urology Company. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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