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J Biol Chem. 2012 Jul 20;287(30):25466-77. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M112.364562. Epub 2012 Jun 7.

The actin regulatory protein HS1 interacts with Arp2/3 and mediates efficient neutrophil chemotaxis.

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  • 1Departments of Pediatrics and Medical Microbiology and Immunology, 4205 Microbial Sciences Building, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.


HS1 is an actin regulatory protein and cortactin homolog that is expressed in hematopoietic cells. Antigen receptor stimulation induces HS1 phosphorylation, and HS1 is essential for T cell activation. HS1 is also expressed in neutrophils; however, the function of HS1 in neutrophils is not known. Here we show that HS1 localizes to the neutrophil leading edge, and is phosphorylated in response to the chemoattractant formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP) in adherent cells. Using live imaging in microchannels, we show that depletion of endogenous HS1 in the neutrophil-like PLB-985 cell line impairs chemotaxis. We also find that HS1 is necessary for chemoattractant-induced activation of Rac GTPase signaling and Vav1 phosphorylation, suggesting that HS1-mediated Rac activation is necessary for efficient neutrophil chemotaxis. We identify specific phosphorylation sites that mediate HS1-dependent neutrophil motility. Expression of HS1 Y378F, Y397F is sufficient to rescue migration of HS1-deficient neutrophils, however, a triple phospho-mutant Y222F, Y378F, Y397F did not rescue migration of HS1-deficient neutrophils. Moreover, HS1 phosphorylation on Y222, Y378, and Y397 regulates its interaction with Arp2/3. Collectively, our findings identify a novel role for HS1 and its phosphorylation during neutrophil directed migration.

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