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Eur J Radiol. 2012 Nov;81(11):3146-53. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2012.04.017. Epub 2012 Jun 5.

Individualized radiation dose control in 256-slice CT coronary angiography (CTCA) in retrospective ECG-triggered helical scans: using a measure of body size to adjust tube current selection.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, Guangdong Academy of Medical Sciences, Guangdong General Hospital, 106 Zhongshan Er Road, Guangzhou 510080, PR China. lijinglei80@126.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To reduce radiation dose for retrospective ECG-triggered helical 256-slice CTCA by determining an optimal body size index to prospectively adjust tube current.

METHODS:

102 consecutive patients with suspected CAD underwent retrospective ECG-triggered CTCA using 256-slice CT scanner. Six body size indexes including BMI, nipple level (NL) bust, thoracic anteroposterior diameter at NL, chest circumference (CC) at NL, left main and right coronary artery (RCA) origin level were measured and their correlation with noise was evaluated using linear regression. An equation was developed to use this index to adjust tube current. Additional 102 consecutive patients were scanned with the index-based mAs adjustment. A t-test for independent samples was used to compare radiation dose levels with and without the index-based mAs selection method.

RESULTS:

Linear regression indicated that CC RCA had the best correlation with noise (R2=0.603). Effective radiation dose was reduced from 16.6±0.9 to 9.8±2.7 mSv (p<0.01), i.e. 40.9% lower dose with the CC RCA-adapted tube current method. The image quality scores indicated no significant difference with and without the size-based mAs selection method.

CONCLUSION:

An accessible measure of body size, such as CC RCA, can be used to adapt tube current for individualized radiation dose control.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22677617
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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