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J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2012 Jun;22 Suppl 1:S44-64. doi: 10.1111/j.1476-4431.2012.00755.x.

RECOVER evidence and knowledge gap analysis on veterinary CPR. Part 4: Advanced life support.

Author information

  • 1Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA, USA. elizabeth.rozanski@tufts.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To systematically evaluate the evidence of the effect of advanced life support techniques on outcome in veterinary cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and to outline knowledge gaps.

DESIGN:

Standardized, systematic evaluation of the literature, categorization of relevant articles according to level of evidence and quality, and development of consensus on conclusions for application of the concepts to clinical practice.

SETTING:

Academia, referral practice, and general practice

RESULTS:

Sixteen population, intervention, control group, outcome questions were evaluated to determine if recommendations could be made concerning drug therapy, including vasopressors, vagolytics, corticosteroids, reversal agents, buffer therapy, and correction of electrolyte disturbances. Electrical defibrillation strategies as well as other advanced interventions such as open-chest CPR, impedance threshold devices, and special considerations regarding anesthesia-related cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) were also investigated.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is strong evidence supporting the use of standard-dose (0.01 mg/kg) epinephrine in CPR, as well as early electrical defibrillation for animals experiencing CPA due to ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia, preferentially using a biphasic defibrillator. For CPA due to certain causes and with the availability of advanced postcardiac arrest support, open chest CPR is preferred. Many knowledge gaps regarding other pharmacologic and advanced therapies were identified, and further studies are recommended to better systematically address these questions.

© Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society 2012.

PMID:
22676286
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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