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Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2012 Aug 15;303(4):F515-26. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00072.2012. Epub 2012 Jun 6.

Protein kinase C-α activation promotes recovery of mitochondrial function and cell survival following oxidant injury in renal cells.

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  • 1Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Dept. of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 4301 West Markham St., Little Rock, AR 72205, USA. gnowak@uams.edu

Abstract

We demonstrated that nonselective PKC activation promotes mitochondrial function in renal proximal tubular cells (RPTC) following toxicant injury. However, the specific PKC isozyme mediating this effect is unknown. This study investigated the role of PKC-α in the recovery of mitochondrial functions in oxidant-injured RPTC. Wild-type PKC-α (wtPKC-α) and inactive PKC-α mutants were overexpressed in RPTC to selectively increase or block PKC-α activation. Oxidant (tert-butyl hydroperoxidel; TBHP) exposure activated PKC-α in RPTC but decreased PKC-α levels in mitochondria following treatment. Uncoupled and state 3 respirations and activities of complexes I and IV in TBHP-injured cells decreased to 55, 44, 49, and 65% of controls, respectively. F(0)F(1)-ATPase activity and ATP content in injured RPTC decreased to 59 and 60% of controls, respectively. Oxidant exposure increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by 210% and induced mitochondrial fragmentation and 52% RPTC lysis. Overexpressing wtPKC-α did not block TBHP-induced ROS production but improved respiration and complex I activity, restored complex IV and F(0)F(1)-ATPase activities, promoted recovery of ATP content, blocked mitochondrial fragmentation, and reduced RPTC lysis to 14%. In contrast, inhibiting PKC-α 1) induced mitochondrial hyperpolarization and fragmentation; 2) blocked increases in ROS production; 3) prevented recovery of respiratory complexes and F(0)F(1)-ATPase activities, respiration, and ATP content; and 4) exacerbated TBHP-induced RPTC lysis. We conclude that 1) activation of PKC-α prevents mitochondrial hyperpolarization and fragmentation, decreases cell death, and promotes recovery of mitochondrial respiration and ATP content following oxidant injury in RPTC; and 2) respiratory complexes I and IV and F(0)F(1)-ATPase are targets of active PKC-α.

PMID:
22674023
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3423113
Free PMC Article
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