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Mol Biol (Mosk). 2012 Mar-Apr;46(2):285-97.

[The influence of UPF genes on the severity of SUP45 mutations].

[Article in Russian]


Eukaryotic cells possess special mechanism of the degradation of mRNAs containing premature termination codons (PTCs)--nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) pathway. In yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the activity of this pathway depends on the recognition of the PTC by the translational machinery and interaction of translation termination factors eRF1 and eRF3 with Upf1, Upf2 and Upf3 proteins. Previously we have shown that decreasing of eRF1 amount causes an impairment of NMD. Here we show that deletion of either UPF1 or UPF2 increased viability of sup45 mutants, while effect of UPF3 deletion is allele-specific. Two-hybrid data have shown that aa 1-555 of eRF1 participate in interaction with Upf1. Deletion of each UPF gene leads to allosuppresson of ade1-14 mutation without changing eRF1 amount. Depletion of Upf1 does not influence synthetic lethality of sup45 and prion [PSI+]. It is possible that the absence of Upf1 (or its activator Upf2) leads to more effective formation of the translation termination complex and, consequently, increased viability of cells containing mutant termination factors.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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