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Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2012 Dec;64(15):1663-93. doi: 10.1016/j.addr.2012.05.014. Epub 2012 Jun 1.

Advancing risk assessment of engineered nanomaterials: application of computational approaches.

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  • 1Laboratory of Environmental Chemometrics, Institute for Environmental and Human Health Protection, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland.

Abstract

Nanotechnology that develops novel materials at size of 100nm or less has become one of the most promising areas of human endeavor. Because of their intrinsic properties, nanoparticles are commonly employed in electronics, photovoltaic, catalysis, environmental and space engineering, cosmetic industry and - finally - in medicine and pharmacy. In that sense, nanotechnology creates great opportunities for the progress of modern medicine. However, recent studies have shown evident toxicity of some nanoparticles to living organisms (toxicity), and their potentially negative impact on environmental ecosystems (ecotoxicity). Lack of available data and low adequacy of experimental protocols prevent comprehensive risk assessment. The purpose of this review is to present the current state of knowledge related to the risks of the engineered nanoparticles and to assess the potential of efficient expansion and development of new approaches, which are offered by application of theoretical and computational methods, applicable for evaluation of nanomaterials.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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