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PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e37531. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0037531. Epub 2012 May 25.

Genetic variation in the EGFR gene and the risk of glioma in a Chinese Han population.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology, Xijing Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.


Previous studies have shown that regulation of the epidermal growth factor gene (EGFR) pathway plays a role in glioma progression. Certain genotypes of the EGFR gene may be related to increased glioblastoma risk, indicating that germ line EGFR polymorphisms may have implications in carcinogenesis. To examine whether and how variants in the EGFR gene contribute to glioma susceptibility, we evaluated nine tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) of the EGFR gene in a case-control study from Xi'an city of China (301 cases, 302 controls). EGFR SNP associations analyses were performed using SPSS 16.0 statistical packages, PLINK software, Haploview software package (version 4.2) and SHEsis software platform. We identified two susceptibility tSNPs in the EGFR gene that were potentially associated with an increased risk of glioma (rs730437, p = 0.016; OR: 1.32; 95%CI: 1.05-1.66 and rs1468727, p = 0.008; OR: 1.31; 95%CI: 1.04-1.65). However, after a strict Bonferroni correction analysis was applied, the significance level of the association between EGFR tSNPs and risk of glioma was attenuated. We observed a protective effect of haplotype "AATT" of the EGFR gene, which was associated with a 29% reduction in the risk of developing glioma, while haplotype "CGTC" increased the risk of developing glioma by 36%. Our results, combined with previous studies, suggested an association between the EGFR gene and glioma development.

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