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J Pediatr Psychol. 2012 Oct;37(9):980-9. Epub 2012 Jun 1.

Family and youth factors associated with health beliefs and health outcomes in youth with type 1 diabetes.

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  • 1Children’s National Medical Center, USA.



To examine the association of family organization with metabolic control in adolescents with type 1 diabetes through the mechanisms of family self-efficacy for diabetes and disease management.


Data from the baseline assessment of a longitudinal RCT were used, wherein 257 adolescent-parent dyads (adolescents aged 11-14) each completed the family organization subscale of the Family Environment Scale, the self-efficacy for Diabetes Self-Management Scale, the Diabetes Behavior Rating Scale, and 2 24-hr diabetes interviews.


Structural equation modeling showed greater family organization was associated indirectly with better disease management behaviors via greater family self-efficacy (β = .38, p < .001). Greater self-efficacy was indirectly associated with better metabolic control via better disease management both concurrently (β = -.37, p < .001) and prospectively (β = -.26, p < .001). The full model indicates more family organization is indirectly associated with better metabolic control concurrently and prospectively through greater self-efficacy and better disease management (β = -.13, p < .001).


Understanding the mechanisms by which family organization is associated with metabolic control provides insight into possible avenues of prevention/intervention for better diabetes management.

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