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Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2012 Jun 1;4:2525-35.

Homocysteine-impaired angiogenesis is associated with VEGF/VEGFR inhibition.

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  • 1Department of Pathophysiology, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China.


This study investigated the effects of homocysteine (Hcy) on angiogenesis in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and zebrafish embryos. We found that Hcy (50 micromol/L) significantly decreased cell numbers, viability, and induced a G1/S arrest in HUVEC in the presence of adenosine (Ade, 50 micromol/L). Hcy, in combination with Ade, reduced migration and suppressed tube-like formation on Matrigel in HUVEC. Further, Hcy reduced subintestinal vessel formation in zebrafish embryos. Interestingly, Hcy-induced inhibitory effects on cell growth, migration, tube-like formation, and vessel formation in HUVEC and zebra fish embryos were abolished by the supplement of recombinant VEGF (10 ng/ml). Finally, Hcy in combination with Ade reduced the mRNA levels of VEGF, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, and attenuated protein levels of VEGF, ERK1/2 and Akt. The present study suggests that Hcy inhibits angiogenesis, and that the mechanism anti-angiogenic effects of Hcy may be through VEGF/VEGFR, Akt, and ERK1/2 inhibition.

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