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Case Rep Neurol. 2012 Jan;4(1):84-91. doi: 10.1159/000338811. Epub 2012 Apr 26.

A rare case of occipital stroke as a consequence of nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis in ovarian clear cell carcinoma: a case report.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Howard University Hospital, Washington, D.C., USA.

Abstract

Hypercoagulability occurs in 15% of patients with malignancy and represents a clinical spectrum ranging from abnormal coagulation tests but no clinically evident thromboembolic disease, to arterial and venous thrombosis, migratory thrombophlebitis, nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) and disseminated intravascular coagulation. The combination of increased procoagulant activity and decreased fibrinolytic activity accelerates the prothrombotic potential of endothelial cells in malignancy. NBTE is a rare manifestation of cancer-induced hypercoagulability and is commonly seen with mucin-producing adenocarcinomas, but rarely seen with ovarian clear cell carcinoma (OCCC). Cerebrovascular embolization ranges from 14-91% in NBTE. We report a rare case of a 62-year-old female presenting with occipital stroke as a consequence of NBTE in OCCC. Association of NBTE in OCCC has only been reported in 2 cases so far, but presentation with stroke has never been reported in the literature.

KEYWORDS:

Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis; Ovarian clear cell carcinoma; Stroke

PMID:
22649346
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3362228
Free PMC Article
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