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Sci Total Environ. 2012 Jul 15;430:209-16. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.05.004. Epub 2012 May 29.

A yearly spraying of olive mill wastewater on agricultural soil over six successive years: impact of different application rates on olive production, phenolic compounds, phytotoxicity and microbial counts.

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  • 1UR Etude et Gestion des Environnements Urbains et Côtiers, Université de Sfax, Ecole Nationale d'Ingénieurs de Sfax, BP 1173-3038 Sfax, Tunisia.

Abstract

Olive mill wastewater (OMW) spraying effects onto olive-tree fields were investigated. Three OMW levels (50, 100 and 200 m(3)ha(-1)year(-1)) were applied over six successive years. Olive-crop yields, phenolic compounds progress, phytotoxicity and microbial counts were studied at different soil depths. Olive yield showed improvements with OMW level applied. Soil polyphenolic content increased progressively in relation to OMW levels in all the investigated layers. However, no significant difference was noted in lowest treatment rate compared to the control field. In the soil upper-layers (0-40 cm), five phenolic compounds were identified over six consecutive years of OMW-spraying. In all the soil-layers, the radish germination index exceeded 85%. However, tomato germination test values decreased with the applied OMW amount. For all treatments, microbial counts increased with OMW quantities and spraying frequency. Matrix correlation showed a strong relationship between soil polyphenol content and microorganisms, and a negative one to tomato germination index.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22647243
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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