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J Bacteriol. 2012 Aug;194(15):3767-73. doi: 10.1128/JB.00406-12. Epub 2012 May 25.

Expanded roles for multicargo and class 1B effector chaperones in type III secretion.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. n.thomas@dal.ca


Bacterial type III secretion systems (T3SS) are complex protein assemblies that mediate the secretion of protein substrates outside the cell. Type III secretion chaperones (T3SC) are always found associated with T3SS, and they serve in multiple roles to ensure that protein substrates are efficiently targeted for secretion. Bacterial pathogens with T3SS express T3SC proteins that bind effectors, a process important for effector protein delivery into eukaryotic cells during infection. In this minireview, we focus on multicargo and class 1B T3SC that associate with effectors within significant pathogens of animals and plants. As a primary role, multicargo and class 1B T3SC form homodimers and specifically bind different effectors within the cytoplasm, maintaining the effectors in a secretion-competent state. This role makes T3SC initial and central contributors to effector-mediated pathogenesis. Recent findings have greatly expanded our understanding of cellular events linked to multicargo T3SC function. New binding interactions with T3SS components have been reported in different systems, thereby implicating multicargo T3SC in critical roles beyond effector binding. Three notable interactions with the YscN, YscV, and YscQ family members are well represented in the literature. Similar T3SC interactions are reported in the putative related flagellar T3SS, suggesting that secretion mechanisms may be more similar than previously thought. The evidence implicates multicargo and class 1B T3SC in effector binding and stabilization, in addition to T3SS recruitment and docking events.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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