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Resuscitation. 2012 Dec;83(12):1503-10. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2012.05.011. Epub 2012 May 24.

Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction during acute myocardial infarction: effect of mild hypothermia.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 15, 8036 Graz, Austria.



Mild hypothermia (MH) decreases infarct size and mortality in experimental reperfused myocardial infarction, but may potentiate ischaemia-induced left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction.


In anaesthetized pigs (70 ± 2 kg), polystyrol microspheres (45 μm) were infused repeatedly into the left circumflex artery until cardiac power output decreased >40%. Then, pigs were assigned to normothermia (NT, 38.0°C, n=8) or MH (33.0°C, n=8, intravascular cooling) and followed for 6h (CME 6h). p<0.05 vs baseline, †p<0.05 vs NT.


In NT, cardiac output (CO) decreased from 6.2 ± 0.3 to 3.4 ± 0.2 l/min, and heart rate increased from 89 ± 4 to 101 ± 6 bpm. LV end-diastolic volume fell from 139 ± 8 to 64 ± 4 ml, while LV ejection fraction remained constant (49 ± 1 vs 53 ± 4%). The corresponding end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship was progressively shifted leftwards, reflecting severe LV diastolic dysfunction. In MH, CO fell to a similar degree. Spontaneous bradycardia compensated for slowed LV relaxation, and the leftward shift of the end-diastolic pressure-volume relationship was less pronounced during MH. MH increased systemic vascular resistance, such that mean aortic pressure remained higher in MH vs NT (69 ± 2† vs 54 ± 4 mm Hg). Mixed venous oxygen saturation at CME 6h was higher in MH than in NT (59 ± 4† vs 42 ± 2%) due to lowered systemic oxygen demand during cooling.


We conclude that (i) an acute loss of end-diastolic LV compliance is a major component of acute cardiac pump failure during experimental myocardial infarction, and that (ii) MH does not potentiate this diastolic LV failure, but stabilizes haemodynamics and improves systemic oxygen supply/demand imbalance by reducing demand.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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