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Public Health Nutr. 2012 Sep;15(9):1705-14. doi: 10.1017/S1368980012002686. Epub 2012 May 25.

Infant feeding in relation to eating patterns in the second year of life and weight status in the fourth year.

Author information

  • 1Institute for Applied Health Research, Glasgow Caledonian University, Cowcaddens Road, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK. Christie.Abraham@gcu.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore associations of early infant feeding with (i) eating patterns in the second year of life and (ii) weight status in the fourth year of life in a prospective cohort of children in Scotland.

DESIGN:

Growing Up in Scotland (GUS) longitudinal birth cohort study (2005-2008).

SETTING:

Scotland, UK.

SUBJECTS:

Children aged 9-12 months (n 5217) followed through to 45-48 months.

RESULTS:

Infant feeding was associated with eating patterns, defined by using SPSS two-step cluster analysis, in the second year of life. Children who were ever breast-fed compared with never breast-fed (adjusted OR = 1·48, 95 % CI 1·27, 1·73) were more likely to have a positive eating pattern (Cluster 2). Children who started complementary feeding at 4-5 months or 6-10 months compared with 0-3 months (adjusted OR = 1·32, 95 % CI 1·09, 1·59 or AOR = 1·50, 95 % CI 1·19, 1·89) were more likely to belong to Cluster 2. Breast-feeding was negatively associated with being overweight or obese in the fourth year of life compared with no breast-feeding (adjusted OR = 0·81, 95 % CI 0·81, 1·01). Introduction of complementary feeding at 4-5 months compared with 0-3 months was negatively associated with being overweight or obese (adjusted OR = 0·74, 95 % CI 0·57, 0·97).

CONCLUSIONS:

Breast-feeding and introduction of complementary feeding after 4 months were associated with a positive eating pattern in the second year of life. Introduction of complementary feeding at 4-5 months compared with 0-3 months was negatively associated with being overweight or obese.

PMID:
22626031
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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