Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BMC Infect Dis. 2012 May 24;12:123. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-12-123.

Blood leukocytes from benznidazole-treated indeterminate chagas disease patients display an overall type-1-modulated cytokine profile upon short-term in vitro stimulation with Trypanosoma cruzi antigens.

Author information

  • 1Laboratório de Biomarcadores de Diagnóstico e Monitoração, CPqRR-FIOCRUZ, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. avelar@cpqrr.fiocruz.br

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Benznidazole (Bz)-chemotherapy is recommended to prevent Chagas disease progression, despite its limited efficacy during chronic disease. However, the host mechanisms underlying these benefits still remain to be elucidated.

METHODS:

In this study, we have used short-term whole blood cultures to describe the cytokine profile of Bz-treated Indeterminate Chagas disease patients-(INDt) as compared to untreated patients-(IND).

RESULTS:

Our findings showed that IND presented increased levels of IL-10+neutrophils, IL-12⁺ and IL-10⁺ monocytes and IFN-γ⁺NK-cells. Moreover, IND showed slight increase of IL-4⁺CD4⁺T-cells and enhanced levels of IL-10⁺CD8⁺T-cells and B-cells. Additional analysis of cytokine Low and High producers also highlighted the presence of High cytokine producers within IND, including IL-10 from CD4⁺ T-cells and IFN-γ from CD8⁺ T-cells, as compared to NI. The Bz-treatment lead to an overall cytokine down-regulation in the innate and adaptive compartments, including low levels of IL-12⁺ and IL-10⁺ neutrophils and monocytes, IFN-γ⁺NK-cells, IL-12⁺, TNF-α⁺, IFN-γ⁺ and IL-5⁺CD4⁺T-cells and IL-10⁺B-cells, along with basal levels of cytokine-expressing CD8⁺T-cells in INDt as compared to IND. The in vitro antigen stimulation shifted the cytokine profile toward a type 1-modulated profile, with increased levels of IL-12⁺ and IL-10⁺ monocytes, IFN-γ⁺ and IL-4⁺NK-cells along with TNF-α⁺ and IFN-γ⁺CD8⁺T-cells. Analysis of Low and High cytokine producers, upon in vitro antigen stimulation, further confirm these data.

CONCLUSION:

Together, our findings showed that the Bz treatment of Indeterminate Chagas' disease patients shifts the cytokine patterns of peripheral blood monocytes, NK-cells and CD8⁺ T-cells towards a long-lasting Type-1-modulated profile that could be important to the maintenance of a non-deleterious immunological microenvironment.

PMID:
22625224
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3519593
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (5)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk