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Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012 Jul;21(7):1019-27. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-12-0190-T. Epub 2012 May 23.

The MTAP-CDKN2A locus confers susceptibility to a naturally occurring canine cancer.

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  • 1Cancer Genetics Branch, National Human Genome Research Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Advantages offered by canine population substructure, combined with clinical presentations similar to human disorders, makes the dog an attractive system for studies of cancer genetics. Cancers that have been difficult to study in human families or populations are of particular interest. Histiocytic sarcoma is a rare and poorly understood neoplasm in humans that occurs in 15% to 25% of Bernese Mountain Dogs (BMD).

METHODS:

Genomic DNA was collected from affected and unaffected BMD in North America and Europe. Both independent and combined genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were used to identify cancer-associated loci. Fine mapping and sequencing narrowed the primary locus to a single gene region.

RESULTS:

Both populations shared the same primary locus, which features a single haplotype spanning MTAP and part of CDKN2A and is present in 96% of affected BMD. The haplotype is within the region homologous to human chromosome 9p21, which has been implicated in several types of cancer.

CONCLUSIONS:

We present the first GWAS for histiocytic sarcoma in any species. The data identify an associated haplotype in the highly cited tumor suppressor locus near CDKN2A. These data show the power of studying distinctive malignancies in highly predisposed dog breeds.

IMPACT:

Here, we establish a naturally occurring model of cancer susceptibility due to CDKN2 dysregulation, thus providing insight about this cancer-associated, complex, and poorly understood genomic region.

©2012 AACR

PMID:
22623710
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3392365
Free PMC Article
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