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Haemophilia. 2012 Sep;18(5):708-13. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2516.2012.02818.x. Epub 2012 May 23.

F8 gene dosage defects in atypical patients with severe haemophilia A.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, Hospital de Sant Pau, Barcelona and CIBERER U-705, Spain.

Abstract

We performed molecular analysis of the factor 8 gene (F8) in 272 unrelated Spanish patients with haemophilia A (HA) and detected a mutation by routine analysis in 267 of them (98.1%). No mutation was detected in the remaining five patients despite clinical and laboratory confirmation of HA. The aim is to describe the molecular alterations in F8 discovered by gene dosage methodologies in three of these patients. For methodology, F8 sequencing, intragenic marker analysis, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification and quantitative real time-PCR were followed. One patient had Klinefelter syndrome (47,XXY) and a large deletion spanning exons 1-12 masked by the other F8 allele; the second patient showed a large duplication spanning exons 2-10 and the third patient revealed a non-contiguous double duplication of exons 14 and 23-25. The remaining two patients had mild HA and dosage results were normal. The application of gene dosage methods is useful to define haemophilic patients in whom mutations are not detected using other routine methods. Nevertheless, in a small percentage of patients (<1%), no molecular pathology can be identified after testing several genetic methodologies.

© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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