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FEBS Lett. 2012 May 7;586(9):1370-8. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2012.03.058. Epub 2012 Apr 3.

Genetic and molecular characterization reveals a unique nucleobase cation symporter 1 in Arabidopsis.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne, Fort Wayne, IN 46805, USA.


Locus At5g03555 encodes a nucleobase cation symporter 1 (AtNCS1) in the Arabidopsis genome. Arabidopsis insertion mutants, AtNcs1-1 and AtNcs1-3, were used for in planta toxic nucleobase analog growth studies and radio-labeled nucleobase uptake assays to characterize solute transport specificities. These results correlate with similar growth and uptake studies of AtNCS1 expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Both in planta and heterologous expression studies in yeast revealed a unique solute transport profile for AtNCS1 in moving adenine, guanine and uracil. This is in stark contrast to the canonical transport profiles determined for the well-characterized S. cerevisiae NCS1 proteins FUR4 (uracil transport) or FCY2 (adenine, guanine, and cytosine transport).

Copyright © 2012 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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