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J Alzheimers Dis. 2012;31(3):507-16. doi: 10.3233/JAD-2012-120286.

A novel subject synchronization clinical trial design for Alzheimer's disease.

Author information

  • 1Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson and Johnson, Raritan, NJ 08869, USA. tschult4@its.jnj.com

Abstract

One of the challenges in developing a viable therapy for Alzheimer's disease has been demonstrating efficacy within a clinical trial. Using this as motivation, we sought to re-examine conventional clinical trial practices in order to determine whether efficacy can be better shown through alternative trial designs and novel analysis methods. In this work, we hypothesize that the confounding factors which hamper the ability to discern a treatment signal are the variability in observations as well as the insidious nature of the disease. We demonstrate that a two-phase trial design in which drug dosing is administered after a certain level of disease severity has been reached, coupled with a method to account more accurately for the progression of the disease, may allow us to compensate for these factors, and thus enable us to make treatment effects more apparent. Utilizing data from two previously failed trials which involved the evaluation of galantamine for indication in mild cognitive impairment, we were able to demonstrate that a clear treatment effect can be realized through both visual and statistical means, and propose that future trials may be more likely to show success if similar methods are utilized.

PMID:
22614878
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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