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Appl Opt. 2012 May 1;51(13):2477-84. doi: 10.1364/AO.51.002477.

Controlled bistability by using array defect layers in one-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystals.

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  • 1Department of Physics, Azarbaijan University of Tarbiat Moallem, Tabriz, Iran.


Using analytical modeling and detailed numerical simulations, we investigate the input-output transmission regimes in one-dimensional (1D) nonlinear photonic crystal including array defect layers. A coupled-mode system is derived from the Maxwell equations and analyzed for the stationary-transmission regime in the new proposed structure. Using the idea about introducing defect layers into 1D nonlinear photonic crystals, a new method for creating and controlling optical bistability is proposed. The periodic optical structures with array defect layers can be used as all optical switches between lower- and higher-transmissive states, whereas it possesses one jumping from a low-transmissive state to a transparent state.

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