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Prog Biophys Mol Biol. 2012 Aug;109(3):59-66. doi: 10.1016/j.pbiomolbio.2012.03.003. Epub 2012 May 16.

Evaluation of collimators' response: round and hexagonal holes in parallel and fan beam.

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  • 1Department of Physics, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran. abkhorshidi@yahoo.com

Abstract

With regard to the different requirements, various collimators are widely employed within nuclear medicine systems in order to evaluate the metabolism of organs as well as improve the contrast of images and better diagnosis. In this study, Fan Beam (FB) and Parallel Beam (PB) collimators in the shapes of round and hexagonal holes have been investigated and compared based on the Geometric Efficiency (G), Geometric Resolution (R(c)), Total Resolution (R(t)), FWHM and Scatter and Penetration (S + P) components using the Monte Carlo simulation. Calculations demonstrated that the G was improved with the increase in the distance between point source and collimator face (z). In contrast, the G was reduced with an increase in the angle of slant hole. In the FB collimator, the R(c) and R(t) were increased when the increase in the hole angle and/or the distance. The simulated results indicated in both collimators with the increase in z, a) the FWHM was increased as well as the peak of the PSF curve was decreased, and b) the S + P amounts decreased, but in the distinct z, the FWHM of the FB collimator is better than that of the PB collimator. It is shown that the results were in agreement with the ADAC company data. Also, Benchmark for measuring ADAC company demonstrated the calculated and simulated amounts of the R(c) and R(t) with round and hexagonal holes shapes had maximum and minimum average relative differences equal to -7.6% for PB and 1% for FB, respectively.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22609562
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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