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J Oral Rehabil. 2012 Sep;39(9):704-17. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2842.2012.02315.x. Epub 2012 May 19.

Prognosis of immediately loaded implants and their restorations: a systematic literature review.

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  • 1Department of Prosthodontics, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Freiburg, Albert-Ludwigs-University, Freiburg, Germany.

Abstract

Immediate loading of oral implants has become popular because of the increasing demands of a shortened treatment time. This literature review evaluates the prognosis of immediately loaded implants and their restorations with immediate or delayed implant placement. Special attention was given to the impact of type of jaw, bone quality, implant length, time of implant placement and type of restoration. An electronic (PubMed) and a manual search in relevant journals were conducted until February 2012. Only publications in English, in peer-reviewed journals, were considered. Nine studies met the inclusion criteria: five studies dealt with fixed restorations, two studies with removable rehabilitation of edentulous jaws and two studies dealt with partially edentulous patients. Implant survival rates ranged from 95·8% to 100%, implant success rates in the treatment for the mandible from 79% to 100% and restoration survival rates for both jaws from 96·4% to 100%. Within the limits of this review, appropriate patient selection, primary implant stability, splinting of implants and the expertise of surgeons seem to be important for the prognosis of immediately loaded implants and their restorations. Good bone quality and use of long implants appear to play a role. However, careful interpretation is required because conclusions are based on articles with low level of evidence. While immediate loading of oral implants in the mandible shows encouraging and predictable results, further multicenter randomised controlled clinical trials with sufficient statistical power are needed to examine (i) the outcome of immediately loaded implants in the maxilla and (ii) the outcome of immediate loading of immediately placed implants.

© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

PMID:
22607161
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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