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J Midwifery Womens Health. 2012 May-Jun;57(3):212-20. doi: 10.1111/j.1542-2011.2011.00117.x. Epub 2012 May 2.

Adenomyosis: a challenge in clinical gynecology.

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  • 1Frontier NursingUniversity, Hyden, Kentucky.


Adenomyosis is a prevalent, benign gynecologic condition in which endometrial tissue invades the myometrium, causing myometrial inflammation and hypertrophy. Although some women with adenomyosis are asymptomatic, the condition often causes menorrhagia and dysmenorrhea. This article provides women's health providers with a review of causes and risk factors for developing adenomyosis, clinical presentations of women with the condition, diagnostic modalities and criteria, and medical and surgical treatment options.

© 2012 by the American College of Nurse-Midwives.

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