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J Biol Chem. 2012 Jun 29;287(27):22584-92. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M112.366484. Epub 2012 May 15.

Deletion of the C-terminal phosphorylation sites in the cardiac β-subunit does not affect the basic β-adrenergic response of the heart and the Ca(v)1.2 channel.

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  • 1Forschergruppe 923, Institut für Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Technische Universität München, 80802 München, Germany.


Phosphorylation of the cardiac β subunit (Ca(v)β(2)) of the Ca(v)1.2 L-type Ca(2+) channel complex has been proposed as a mechanism for regulation of L-type Ca(2+) channels by various protein kinases including PKA, CaMKII, Akt/PKB, and PKG. To test this hypothesis directly in vivo, we generated a knock-in mouse line with targeted mutation of the Ca(v)β(2) gene by insertion of a stop codon after proline 501 in exon 14 (mouse sequence Cacnb2; βStop mouse). This mutation prevented translation of the Ca(v)β(2) C terminus that contains the relevant phosphorylation sites for the above protein kinases. Homozygous cardiac βStop mice were born at Mendelian ratio, had a normal life expectancy, and normal basal L-type I(Ca). The regulation of the L-type current by stimulation of the β-adrenergic receptor was unaffected in vivo and in cardiomyocytes (CMs). βStop mice were cross-bred with mice expressing the Ca(v)1.2 gene containing the mutation S1928A (SAβStop) or S1512A and S1570A (SFβStop) in the C terminus of the α(1C) subunit. The β-adrenergic regulation of the cardiac I(Ca) was unaltered in these mouse lines. In contrast, truncation of the Ca(v)1.2 at Asp(1904) abolished β-adrenergic up-regulation of I(Ca) in murine embryonic CMs. We conclude that phosphorylation of the C-terminal sites in Ca(v)β(2), Ser(1928), Ser(1512), and Ser(1570) of the Ca(v)1.2 protein is functionally not involved in the adrenergic regulation of the murine cardiac Ca(v)1.2 channel.

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