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RNA. 2012 Jul;18(7):1421-32. doi: 10.1261/rna.032078.111. Epub 2012 May 15.

Affinity resins containing enzymatically resistant mRNA cap analogs--a new tool for the analysis of cap-binding proteins.

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  • 1Division of Biophysics, Institute of Experimental Physics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, 02-089 Warsaw, Poland.


Cap-binding proteins have been routinely isolated using m⁷GTP-Sepharose; however, this resin is inefficient for proteins such as DcpS (scavenger decapping enzyme), which interacts not only with the 7-methylguanosine, but also with the second cap base. In addition, DcpS purification may be hindered by the reduced resin capacity due to the ability of DcpS to hydrolyze m⁷GTP. Here, we report the synthesis of new affinity resins, m⁷GpCH₂pp- and m⁷GpCH₂ppA-Sepharoses, with attached cap analogs resistant to hydrolysis by DcpS. Biochemical tests showed that these matrices, as well as a hydrolyzable m⁷GpppA-Sepharose, bind recombinant mouse eIF4E²⁸⁻²¹⁷ specifically and at high capacity. In addition, purification of cap-binding proteins from yeast extracts confirmed the presence of all expected cap-binding proteins, including DcpS in the case of m⁷GpCH₂pp- and m⁷GpCH₂ppA-Sepharoses. In contrast, binding studies in vitro demonstrated that recombinant human DcpS efficiently bound only m⁷GpCH₂ppA-Sepharose. Our data prove the applicability of these novel resins, especially m⁷GpCH₂ppA-Sepharose, in biochemical studies such as the isolation and identification of cap-binding proteins from different organisms.

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