Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 May 29;109(22):8652-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1206280109. Epub 2012 May 15.

Heterotrimer-independent regulation of activation-loop phosphorylation of Snf1 protein kinase involves two protein phosphatases.

Author information

  • 1Department of Genetics and Development, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.


The SNF1/AMP-activated protein kinases are αβγ-heterotrimers that sense and regulate energy status in eukaryotes. They are activated by phosphorylation of the catalytic Snf1/α subunit, and the Snf4/γ regulatory subunit regulates phosphorylation through adenine nucleotide binding. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Snf1 subunit is phosphorylated on the activation-loop Thr-210 in response to glucose limitation. To assess the requirement of the heterotrimer for regulated Thr-210 phosphorylation, we examined Snf1 and a truncated Snf1 kinase domain (residues 1-309) that has partial Snf1 function. Snf1(1-309) does not interact with the β and Snf4/γ regulatory subunits, and its activity was independent of them in vivo. Phosphorylation of both Snf1 and Snf1(1-309) increased in response to glucose limitation in wild-type cells and in cells lacking β- and Snf4/γ-subunits. These results indicate that glucose regulation of activation-loop phosphorylation can occur by mechanism(s) that function independently of the regulatory subunits. We further show that the Reg1-Glc7 protein phosphatase 1 and Sit4 type 2A-like phosphatase are largely responsible for dephosphorylation of Thr-210 of Snf1(1-309). Together, these findings suggest that these two phosphatases mediate heterotrimer-independent regulation of Thr-210 phosphorylation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk