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Pediatr Dent. 2012 Mar-Apr;34(2):e35-9.

A case of Klippel-Feil and Turner syndromes.

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  • 1Postgraduate Orthodontic Program, Arizona School of Dentistry and Oral Health, A.T. Still University, Mesa, Ariz, USA.


The purpose of this paper was to describe the clinical case of a 12-year-old female patient with Klippel-Feil syndrome (KFS) combined with Turner syndrome (TS) and a submucous cleft palate (CP). The patient's general appearance was characterized by KFS, a clinical triad consisting of congenital fusion of at least 2 of 7 cervical vertebrae with a short neck, limited head motion, and a low posterior hairline. Three-dimensional images from cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) revealed cervical vertebrae anomalies and submucous CP. It was reported that the patient had TS and has been administered growth hormone (GH) therapy. Due to a skeletal class III pattern with a steep mandibular plane angle, facial asymmetry, and fused cervical vertebrae, GH's effects on the craniofacial complex should be considered before orthopedic/orthodontic treatment is started.

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