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J Inherit Metab Dis. 2013 Jan;36(1):139-45. doi: 10.1007/s10545-012-9493-y. Epub 2012 May 11.

Measurement of plasma B6 vitamer profiles in children with inborn errors of vitamin B6 metabolism using an LC-MS/MS method.

Author information

  • 1Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London WC1N 1EH, UK. e.footitt@ucl.ac.uk

Abstract

Vitamin B(6) dependent seizure disorders are an important and treatable cause of childhood epilepsy. The molecular and biochemical basis for some of these disorders has only recently been elucidated and it is likely that inborn errors affecting other parts of this complex metabolic pathway are yet to be described. In man vitamin B(6) ingested from the diet exists as six different vitamers, pyridoxal (PL), pyridoxamine (PM), pyridoxine (PN), pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP), pyridoxamine 5'- phosphate (PMP) and pyridoxine 5'-phosphate (PNP). Its breakdown product, 4-pyridoxic acid (PA), is excreted in urine. Here we describe an analytical LC-MS/MS method to measure all vitameric B(6) forms in plasma and have subsequently applied this methodology to investigate children with vitamin B(6) responsive seizure disorders. We show that patients with inborn errors of B(6) metabolism such as pyridox(am)ine 5'-phosphate oxidase (PNPO) deficiency have characteristic B(6) profiles which allow them to be differentiated from each other and control populations, even when on treatment with B(6). Regardless of diagnosis, patients on treatment doses of pyridoxine hydrochloride and pyridoxal phosphate have markedly elevated levels of some vitameric forms (PLP, PL and PA). Such mega doses of B(6) treatment are known to be associated with neurotoxicity. This LC-MS/MS method will be a useful tool for treatment monitoring and may help further our understanding of mechanisms of neurotoxicity in patient groups.

PMID:
22576361
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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